The Weald of Kent, Surrey and Sussex
Crow & Gate Inn  Uckfield Road    Crowborough  

Books and other documents
PublishedTitle, author and references
1933The Story of Crowbrough ⇒ p. 24; p. 58; p. 60

Historical records

1688 to 1710Manor recordGrant William Pettit.1710 deceased.LandDuddleswell Manor

1693Manor recordMap no.12 — 9.0.38 acres.LandDuddleswell Manor

after 1710Manor recordRobert Pettit admit on 2nd proc.1728 surrendered JC.LandDuddleswell Manor

1728 to 1729Manor recordJohn Carpenter admit.1729 surrendered HF.LandDuddleswell Manor

1729 to 1756Manor recordLandDuddleswell Manor
Humphrey ffowle armiger admit.1755 surrendered to will by Richard Dungate attorney.1756 deceased. Eleanor only daughter.

1757 to 1775Manor recordLandDuddleswell Manor
Thomas Peckham Esq,now called Fowle admit by will on 3rd proc.1775 deceased.

1775 to 1806Manor recordLandDuddleswell Manor
John Newnham of Maresfeild Esq admit by will of Humphrey Fowle by Francis Wheeler.1779 surrendered to uses.1806 surrendered RS.

1806 to 1829Manor recordLandDuddleswell Manor
Robert Springett of Goudhurst yeoman admit and surrendered to will.1829 deceased.1840 surrendered JW £400.

1829 to 1840Manor recordRichard Springett son admit by will,David Edwards gent attorney.LandDuddleswell Manor

before 1836Manor recordEdmund Springett deceased.LandDuddleswell Manor

after 1836Manor recordLandDuddleswell Manor
George Springett of Northiam yeoman eldest son admit by Thomas Huson attorney.

1840Manor recordTithe map pt.nos. 1687/9--9.1.24 acres.LandDuddleswell Manor

1840 to 1866Manor recordLandDuddleswell Manor
James Winter junior of Buxted admit and mortgage John Vinall of Lewes dissenting minister £200.1862 satis.1862 mortgage James Ramsbotham Esq of Crowborough £200.1868 satis.1866 deceased.

6th Jun 1841CensusJames Winter, M, Head, age 40 to 44, born Sussex; occupation PublicanJames WinterCrow & Gate House1841 Census
Buxted, Sussex
Louisa Winter, F, [Wife], age 35 to 39, born SussexLouisa Winter
Alfred Winter, M, [Son], age 16, born SussexAlfred Winter
Charlotte Winter, F, [Daughter], age 12, born SussexCharlotte Winter
James Winter, M, [Son], age 7, born SussexJames Winter
Elizabeth Winter, F, [Daughter], age 4, born SussexElizabeth Winter
Thomas Winter, M, [Son], age 2, born SussexThomas Winter
James Winter, M, [Father], age 64, born Sussex; occupation IndependentJames Winter
Ann Godlee, F, age 25 to 29, born Sussex; occupation: servantAnn Godlee
Robert Turner, M, age 15 to 19, born Sussex; occupation: servantRobert Turner
Edward Fuller, M, [Lodger], age 63, born SussexEdward Fuller

30th Mar 1851CensusHead; occupation VictuallerJames WinterCrow & Gate Inn1851 Census
Buxted, Sussex
WifeLouisa Winter
Daughter; occupation Employed at homeCharlotte Winter
Son; occupation Employed at homeJames Winter
Daughter; occupation Employed at homeElizabeth Winter
Son; occupation ScholarThomas Winter
Son; occupation ScholarDavid Winter
SonEdward Winter
Father, widowed; occupation Retired farmerJames Winter
Lodger; widowed; occupation: labourerJohn Macarty
Lodger; occupation Farm labourerGeorge Reed

1866 to 1868Manor recordLouisa Winter widow admit by will.1868 deceased.1868 exors surrendered WD.LandDuddleswell Manor

1867Directory entryDuvall John, Crow & GateCrow & GatePost Office Directory

1868 to 1893Manor recordWilliam Diplock innkeeper admit.1893 deceased.LandDuddleswell Manor

1874Directory entryDuvall John, Crow & GateCrow & GatePost Office Directory

c 1875Poundgate, Crow & Gate Inn & Brown Knoll, South West of Crowborough - c 1875Part of the 6 inch to 1 mile map of Sussex produced in 1875 by Ordnance SurveyCrow & Gate Inn

3rd Apr 1881CensusHenry Hoath, M, Head, married, age 52, born Withyham; occupation: licensed victuallerHenry Hoath, licensed victuallerCrow & Gate1881 Census
Buxted, Sussex
Jemima Hoath, F, Wife, married, age 43, born MaresfieldJemima Hoath

3rd Apr 1881CensusMartha Powell, F, Head, widowed, age 57, born Mayfield; occupation CowmanMartha Taylor [Powell] [Thomson]Nr Crow & Gate1881 Census
Buxted, Sussex
David Powell, M, Son, single, age 19, born Buxted; occupation Farm labourerDavid Powell
Vallance Powell, M, Son, single, age 14, born Rotherfield; occupation Farm labourerVallance Powell
Louisa Horscraft, F, Grand Daughter, age 3, born BrightonLouisa Horscraft

1882Directory entryHoath Henry, Crow & GateCrow & GateKelly's Directory

1888Directory entryTaylor, Jesse, Crow and Gate, CrowboroughCrow and Gate, CrowboroughBrooker's Guide

1890HistoryCrow and Gate InnFirmin's Guide

There were farm-houses at High Broom and at Redbridge, both claiming to be of very old date, but the present buildings have been either extensively repaired, so as to leave little of the old building remaining, or have been altogether rebuilt.

For many years the only place of worship at Crowborough was the chapel built by Sir H. Fermor, Bart. The Nonconformist chapels were built long after, the oldest being the one on the Lye Green Road, close to, but not in Crowborough parish, known as Forest Fold, which has been in existence between sixty and seventy years. Before the present building was erected, Worship was performed in a barn.

The shop first established in the parish was on Chapel Green, in the building opposite to Mr. Turk's present grocery store. Here might be had a little drapery and grocery, but the stock and variety were very limited.

The shops at the Cross were established long after, within the memory of persons now living.

Carriers brought from Lewes and London the little that was required for the small community.

A coach passed over the Beacon Hill in its journey from Brighton to London, via Tunbridge Wells. Another coach ran over the Duddleswell Road and Church Hill, past the Five Hundred Acres, from Brighton through Uckfield, Maresfield, and Tunbridge Wells to London.

The postal arrangements of the period would be intolerable to us now. The nearest post office was at Rotherfield, and letters were not delivered, but were retained at the office till applied for.

The postage, which was paid by the claimant, was never under 1s. 2d. Mr. Howis, who lived at the Warren, always sent for his letters to Forest Row, a distance of seven miles or more. Probably the postal service to that place was more frequent and regular than at Rotherfield.

There was but one turnpike at Crowborough, and that was placed a little beyond the Crow and Gate Inn. It was done away with about sixteen or seventeen years ago.

Few, if any, of the people of the place had learned to read or write, there being no opportunity of getting instruction until after the Fermor School was established in 1734, and then only a limited number of children could be received into the school. Neither were there any churches or chapels nearer than Rotherfield. A few of the farmers attended at Rotherfield Church, but none of the labouring population ever thought of entering a place of worship. Even after the Fermor Chapel was built very few persons attended it.

5th Apr 1891CensusJesse Taylor, M, Head, married, age 39, born Maresfield, Sussex; occupation: publicanJesse Taylor, publicanCrow & Gate Inn, Crowborough Gate1891 Census
Buxted, Sussex
Margaret Taylor, F, Wife, married, age 38, born Maresfield, SussexMargaret Taylor [Horscraft]
Elsie Taylor, F, Daughter, single, age 14, born East Grinstead, SussexElsie A. Taylor
Lambert Taylor, M, Son, single, age 11, born Maresfield, Sussex; occupation: scholarErnest Lambert Taylor
Douglas Taylor, M, Son, single, age 7, born Lindfield, SussexDouglas Taylor

5th Apr 1891CensusGeorge Taylor, M, Head, married, age 79, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation: charcoal burnerGeorge Taylor, labourer and charcoal burnerNear Crow & Gate1891 Census
Buxted, Sussex
Martha Taylor, F, Wife, married, age 62, born Waldron, SussexMartha Taylor [Powell] [Thomson]
Valance Powell, M, Stepson, single, age 25, born Buxted, Sussex; occupation General LabourerVallance Powell

1893 to 1906Manor recordLandDuddleswell Manor
Mary Diplock of Hope Farm Ightham widow,Cecil Diplock of 130 New Cross Rd butcher, Elizabeth wife of John Allcorn of Plaxtol builder,Maria wife of Ernest Wade of Horseford Manor Norfolk nee Diplock and Percy Adolphus Diplock of Rodwel Diplock of Rodwell House Ightham fruit grower admit by will ,William Edward Nicholson attorney.1906 enfranchised.

c 1899Poundgate, South West of Crowborough - c 1899Part of the 6 inch to 1 mile map of Sussex produced in 1899 by Ordnance SurveyCrow & Gate

1906Manor recordEnfranchised.LandDuddleswell Manor

1910The Crow and GateThe Crow and Gate, Crowborough photographed by A.H. Homewood, Burgess HillPrivate collection

12th Dec 1922DeathCause of death: Heart failureWilliam HobbsCrow & Gate InnColin Hobbs' records

2001TodayCrow & Gate Inn

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